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A kidney transplant if the transfer of a healthy kidney from one person [Donor] into the body of person who has little or no kidney function [Recipient]
Why do you need a kidney transplant:
End stage kidney disease [also known as kidney failure] is the most common reason for having a kidney transplant. when the kidneys have lost around 90 % of their function, the person is said to have end stage kidney disease.
The two most common causes of end stage kidney disease are:
High Blood pressure [Hypertension].
Less common causes of end stage kidney diseases include:
Polycystic Kidney Disease [inherited condition where kidneys become enlarged due to multiple cysts].
Blockage in the arteries that bring blood to the kidneys.
Undeveloped kidneys at birth.
Auto immune diseases that affect the kidneys like systemic lupus erythematosus.
A person only needs one kidney to survive. Therefore, unlike other types of organ donation, such as heart and liver, a living person can donate a kidney. Ideally, this will be a close relative. This type of donation is known as living donation.
Kidney donations are also possible from donors who have recently died. However, this type of kidney donation has a slightly lower chance of long-term success.
A kidney transplant is a major surgical procedure with a wide range of potential risks. In the short term, rejection, infection and blood clots are a risk. Long term risks are usually related to the medication needed to reduce the chance of rejection [immuno - suppressants]. Therefore people who have had a kidney transplant require regular check-ups for the rest of their lives.
How common are Kidney donations:
There is a dearth of suitable donors in India with demand much more than availability. As per the Indian Transplant Registry, almost 7 thousand patients undergo kidney transplant per year in our country. More than 90 % are living kidney donations and deceased donor transplants constitute a small population.
The kidney survival times for living donations are:
1 Year - 90 - 95 %
5 Years - 80 %
15 Years - 60 %
When the kidneys are donated form someone who has died recently, the kidney survival times are:
1 Year - 85 - 90 %
5 Years - 70 %
15 Years - 50 %
We at SPS Hospitals have recently completed more than 100 successful transplant surgeries. We at SPS hospitals provides cutting edge care in all areas of nephrology with round the clock delivery for care of dialysis, transplant and chronic kidney disease.
We are proud to offer some of regions finest experts in every major specialty. The kidney transplant unit works as a cohesive team with inter disciplinary interactions between surgeon, nephrologists and transplant coordinator.